Islam and Women

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By sakinah

Islam and Women

Islam is most frequently connected with the notion of being a religion that oppresses and subjugates women. People often assume that Islam is a religion that favors men and is somehow male-dominated because it views women as nothing more than objects and subjects who are under the power of men and who can be used anyway he pleases without having to answer to them.

It has become cliche to say that Islam is a religion that values women and grants them rights that they have never enjoyed. Despite all of the justifications Muslims offer for the elevated status of women in Islam, the Western media continues to portray Muslim women’s oppression as if it were an order from Allah. The words that follow talk about women in Islam in relation to the rights that religion has granted them.


The West believes that Islam forbids women from pursuing an education and enlightenment. Islam promotes education for all, and a Muslim woman’s pursuit of education is just as important for her as it is for a Muslim male, so this notion of women in Islam is incorrect. In a hadith, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:

For every Muslim, learning is a requirement (Tabarani)

The word “Muslim” in this hadith does not speak for the male half of society; rather, females are emphasised in the same way and magnitude as well. This is a consensus among Muslims that this hadith applies equally to all genders. Therefore, it is false to believe that women cannot pursue an education or the path of learning, and it goes against what Islam teaches its adherents.

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People naturally think that Muslim women cannot contribute charity or Zakaat if they are subjected to such severe oppression that it prevents them from working. Sadly, this idea is equally incorrect because in Islam women are permitted to give to charity from both their own and their husbands’ income. According to Hazrat Aisha (RA), the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:

“A woman will be rewarded by Allah even if she donates to charity using her husband’s income. Without any reduction in their rewards, the husband and the treasurer (who manages the money on the husband’s behalf) will also be compensated.

As a result, it is false to assume that only men should practice altruism in Islamic societies; women can also practice altruism and reap the same rewards.


Islam’s male-dominated worship is another patriarchal idea. People tend to believe that only the male elements of society are required to pray five times, or pray excessively. They are the ones who must recite the Salat, observe the fast, go on pilgrimage, and so forth. This belief is erroneous, just like all the others that have been falsely propagated, because there is no discrimination against women in Islam when it comes to worship. Women are required to perform the same five daily prayers as men, to observe the same laws regarding fasting, and to perform the Hajj in the same manner as men. In addition, there is no distinction between men and women when it comes to rewards for all of these accomplishments.

Rights to Property and Wealth:

The widespread belief among people is that women have no property or wealth rights in Islam, which is consistent with the stereotype of Islam that portrays women as oppressed and enslaved. Males have the freedom to give women everything they want, at their discretion. Allah, the Almighty, says:

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“And do not wish for those things in which Allah has made some of you excel the others,” the verse continues. If a woman asks Allah for His bounty, she will receive a reward for what she has earned, just as it is the case for males. Allah is undoubtedly the Only All-Knower of all things (4:32)

The ayah makes it abundantly plain that women have a right to all income, regardless of whether it comes from their labor or from property they have inherited. Muslim women are expected to receive their fair share of the family’s assets, and they are free to decide whether or not to divide their earnings with their husbands or other male family members.

Partner Selection for Marriage:

It is a prevalent misconception about marriage in Islam that women don’t have the authority to choose their spouses; instead, her parents choose anybody they want for their daughter. Like all other presumptions, it is false, and Islam accords both men and women the same freedom to choose their spouses. A woman once complained to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) about:

To advance his own status, my father has forced me to wed my cousin.

Prophet (PBUH) in response:

You are free to call your marriage off and get married to whoever you want.

She answered:

“I accept my father’s decision, but my goal was to convey to the women that fathers have no right to meddle in their marital relationships,” I said (Ibn Majah)

Again, it is obvious from this hadith that Islam grants women the freedom to choose their spouses, and even more so, if they are coerced into a union, they have the option to reject the union or call it off. Therefore, in Islam, women have the enormous privilege of choosing their spouse.

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Acts of A. Momin

Sadly, the Muslim world has restricted women to the confines of their homes and forbids them from exercising the rights that Islam grants them. In the modern Muslim world, doing good and forbidding evil are only associated with men, despite the fact that both genders are required to carry out these obligations to the best of their abilities. When we study the Qur’an and comprehend its verses’ contents, we can clearly understand and evaluate Allah’s message when He states:

“The believers, both men and women, are Awliyaa (helpers, guardians, friends) of one another. They encourage Al-Maruf (good required by Islam) and ban Munkar (evils designated by Islam); they practice As-Salat; they give Zakat; and they obey Allah and His Messenger. They shall receive the Mercy of Allah. Allah is undoubtedly All-Mighty and All-Wise (9:71)

So, just like the male members of Muslim society, a woman has the right to perform the activities that Allah Almighty links with a Momin in order to contribute to improving this world and human existence.


In a nutshell, women in Islam are granted a variety of rights. No section of the Quran or hadith can be used to support the idea that women are inferior than males or should be subjected to them; rather, they have rights that allow them to participate fully in society and practice Islam.

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