What is Tauhid

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By sakinah

What is Tauhid

The definition of tauhid is as follows,

Table of Contents

إفراد الله سبحانه و بما يَخْتَصُ به من ربوبية, الالوحية و أسما و Attributes

“Emphasizing Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala in His particularity, namely the deeds (rububiyyah) of Allah, the right of Allah to be worshiped (uluhiyyah), as well as the name and attributes of Allah (al-asma` was-shifat).”

The meaning is to believe in it and implement its demands, both in words and deeds. So, “recognizing God” the scope is with the heart and external body parts (with beliefs, words, and actions).

Coverage of monotheism
First: Tawhid rububiyyah
إفراد الله بفعلهه

“Appreciating God in His actions.”

The meaning is to believe and carry out his claim that only Allah can do the deeds that are His specialty, such as creating creatures, organizing creatures, providing sustenance, benefiting, inflicting misfortune/badness, life, death, and others that are the specialty of God.


Among them are the words of Allah Ta’ala,

الَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعلَمِيْنَۙ

“All praise (perfection) belongs only to Allah, the Lord (Lord) of all the worlds.” (QS. Al-Fatihah: 2)

Second: Tawhid uluhiyyah

إفراد الله بالعبدة

“Establishing God in worshiping Him.”

The meaning is to believe and carry out his demand that only God has the right to be worshipped, not to offer worship to anyone other than Him in the form of outward or inward worship, speech or deed.


Among them are the words of Allah Ta’ala,

وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِيْ كُلِّ ُمَّةٍ رَّوْلًا انِ عْبُدوا اللهَ وَاجْتَنِبوا التَّاغُتَ

“And verily, We have sent a messenger to every nation (to call), “Worship only God, and shun anything other than God.” (QS. An-Nahl: 36)

Third: Tawhid al-asma` was-shifat

إفراد الله بسمايه الحسني وصفة العلى

“Establishing God in His most beautiful names and His noblest attributes, (that is, by establishing all the names and attributes of God in the Qur’an and As-Sunnah and their demands, as well as negating the equality of God with creatures in the name and His nature.”

The meaning is to believe and carry out his claim that only Allah has the right to be named with His most beautiful names and His noblest (most perfect) attributes and to believe that other than Allah is not entitled to be named and characterized by them.


Among them is Allah saying,

And God Almighty

“And Al-Asma’ul Husna (the best names) belong only to Allah.” (QS. Al-A’raf: 180)

Also Read: Between Nadzar Tawhid, Shirik, Immorality and Makruh

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What is shirk?
There are two types of shirk:

First, major shirk, which is equating other than Allah with Allah in His particularity (in rububiyyah, uluhiyyah, and al-asma` and shifat).

The definition above is based on the words of Allah Ta’ala,

اِذْ نُسَوِّيْكُمْ بِرَبِّ الْعٰلَمِيْنَ

“Because we equate you (idols) with the Lord of all creation.” (QS. Ash-Shu’ara’: 98)

This great polytheism removes the perpetrator from Islam. It is called “big”, because there is shirk below it, whose level of badness is not as bad as it is, that is small shirk.

Examples: praying to dead bodies and worshiping isti’adzah (asking for protection) to jinn, worshiping the blood of animals (slaughtering) for ethereal beings.

Second, minor shirk, i.e. everything that is prohibited in the shari’at while in the text it is called shirk, and becomes a means of leading to major shirk.

This little shirk does not remove the perpetrator from Islam because there is no element of equating other than Allah with Allah in His specificity (in rububiyyah, uluhiyyah, and al-asma` was-shifat).

Example: wearing talismans from trivial things such as, certain root bracelets, bones, agate rings with which mantras are recited. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,

من علق تميمة فقد اشرك

“Whoever hangs a tamimah (bead necklace charm), then he has committed shirk.” (HR. Imam Ahmad, authentic)

The position and priority of monotheism
Tawheed has a high position in the building of Islam and a great priority for its perpetrators, among them:

Tawheed is the purpose of creation of jinn and man.
Tawheed is the purpose of sending the messengers ‘alayhish shalatu wassalam.
Tawheed is the first commandment.
Monotheism is the greatest right of God.
Tawheed is the greatest obligation and commandment.
Monotheism is the right of God that must be fulfilled.
The opposite of monotheism is the greatest sin, namely polytheism.
Tawheed is the material of preaching for the first time.
Tawheed is the basis and essence of Islamic teachings.
Monotheism is the best and highest faith.
Monotheists obtain security and guidance in this world and the hereafter.
Monotheists will definitely go to heaven.
Monotheists must be freed from eternity in hell.
The scales of monotheism beat the scales of heaven and earth.
A perfect monotheist enters heaven without reckoning without punishment.
Monotheists are happy in this world and the hereafter.
Monotheists are accepted for their good deeds.
Monotheists obtain intercession in the afterlife.
People of monotheism are free from slavery to other than Allah.
A monotheist is the figure of a servant of God who acknowledges Him subhanahu in His particularity and avoids associating Him (shirk) in His particularity, both in belief in words and deeds.

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What is the difference between major shirk and minor shirk?
The difference between major shirk and minor shirk can be seen from several reviews, namely:

Forgiven or not

The perpetrator of great polytheism is not forgiven by God, unless he repents. As for minor shirk, scholars disagree if the perpetrator dies unrepentant. Most scholars believe that the perpetrator depends on God’s will. While some other scholars are of the opinion that the perpetrators are not forgiven, and if they have to be punished, they will not stay in hell.

Dropping charity or not

Major shirk cancels all the righteous deeds of the perpetrator, while minor shirk only cancels the deeds that accompany it.

Remove from Islam or not

Major shirk removes the perpetrator from Islam, while minor shirk does not.

Stay in hell or not

If the perpetrator of major shirk dies, then he remains forever in hell, while minor shirk does not.

His sin status

Major shirk includes the annulment of Islam (disbelief), while minor shirk (by type and in general) includes the greatest major sin after major shirk. God bless you.

Also read: Examples of Shirk Akbar in Tauhid Rububiyyah

All kinds of big shirk
Viewed from the point of view of the particularity of God that is violated, the major shirk is divided into three:

First: Major shirk in rububiyyah (acts of God)
In matters of confidence


Believing that there is someone other than Allah who is capable of creating, or animating, or killing, or possessing something with absolute, true and perfect ownership, or managing the universe.

In speech problems


Denying the existence of the Creator with speech, either in the theory of creature evolution that believes there is no creator, or saying that God is united with creatures, that creatures are God.

In the matter of deeds


Wearing a bracelet amulet with the belief that the bracelet saves and determines the wearer’s fate by itself, beyond the power of God.

Second: Major shirk in uluhiyyah (worship)
In matters of confidence


Believing that there is someone other than God who deserves to be obeyed with absolute obedience as obedience to God. So as to follow in legalizing something that God has forbidden or vice versa as in surah Ash-Shura verse 21. Another example, loving other than God as loving God, as in surah Al-Baqarah verse 165.

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In speech problems


Praying to other than Allah, istighatsah worship to other than Allah, isti’adzah worship to jinn or “waiters” on the south coast.

In the matter of deeds


Salat or prostration to worship other than Allah, or the ritual of slaughtering animals to glorify the corpse/jinn, or offering vows to other than Allah.

Third: Big shirk in the name and nature of God
In matters of confidence


Believing that there is someone other than God who knows true supernatural things, or believing that there is someone other than God who loves creatures as God loves them, that is, able to forgive the sins of creatures and enter them into heaven.

In speech problems


Giving a name other than Allah with a special name of Allah accompanied by the husna meaning contained in it, such as naming a statue with the husna name of Allah: Al-Ahad, Ar-Rahman, and Ash-Shamad.

In the matter of deeds


Exalting oneself and bragging about it as glorifying God and inviting others to submit to him absolutely, relying on hope, reliance, and fear of him in totality.

All kinds of small shirk
Judging by what minor shirk is done, then minor shirk is divided into three:

Little shirk in confidence


Bracelet wearers who believe that the Creator of the cause is only God, but the bracelet amulet is believed to be only a cause that is not actually a cause (false cause). But because it is thought to be the reason, the wearer’s heart has a dependence on the amulet. Based on the evidence, this is condemned as shirk, even though the degree of shirk is not as big as shirk.

Little shirk in speech


Swearing by a name other than Allah is said to be minor shirk. This is because it is in the evidence of mentioning the name of shirk for him and it does not reach the degree of major shirk, only as a means of conveyance to major shirk.

Little shirk in action


A little Riya’ in worship. It is said that shirk is small because it is in the proof of mentioning the name of shirk for it and is a means of conveying it to big shirk.

God bless you.

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